using relevant supporting literature and your experience in clinical practice reflect on the process of building a therapeutic relationship

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For Elprofessori….

Using relevant supporting literature and your experience in clinical practice reflect on the process of building a therapeutic relationship”

hi this is the assignment question .

find the attached above it is just a part of the work . Regarding to barriers of therapeutic relationship this is the comment that I got from the lecturer  (




Bear in mind that I,m a student nurse 2 year in Glasgow (Scotland) and I have done a placement in elderly word (rehabilitation ward) for 6 weeks

so just try to make stories up to answer the question . Also facilitators try to relate it how it would help to build a therapeutic relationship between  nurse and patient

you can add references to support your work

it is 700 words just try to write between 300-400 word

using relevant supporting literature and your experience in clinical practice reflect on the process of building a therapeutic relationship
Barriers of therapeutic relationship: The therapeutic relationship between patient and nurse is often filled with barriers that can generate obstacles for the relationship and, in the end, the health system as a whole (Sfoggia et al.,2014). There are many factors that hinder building a therapeutic relationship: language, professional jargon, communication impairment, and cultural diversity (ibid). Language: Language can be an obstacle to nurse-patient communication because a patient may not be able to speak the same language and therefore communication is not possible (Levin,2006). The best way to overcome this barrier is providing a translator who can explain a professional facilitator’s message easily to the patient(ibid). For instance, if the nurse only speaks English but the patient is only able to speak Arabic, a translation to the patient of what the professional facilitator is saying leads to less chance of misunderstanding (ibid). Translation also allows a patient to feel comfortable through being able to speak in their own language (ibid). Medical jargon: Jargon is a technical language that is comprehended by people in a specific industry or area of work (Leblanc et al.,2014). Health professionals often use jargon to communicate with each other(ibid). For example, T.B. disease stands for tubercle bacillus and HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus (Mccrary & Christensen,1993). Jargon often makes sense to health professionals but a patient who does not understand these acronyms will not understand such communication, leading to a barrier in therapeutic relationship between patient and health professional (Leblanc et al.,2014). Communication impairment: Patients with communication impairment such as blindness, deafness and speech impairment often feel isolated, frustrated and self-conscious (O’Halloran et al.,2009). Some patients are born with such disabilities or have developed them as a result of disease (ibid). Therefore, nurses should provide enough time in order to describe any issue to such patients so that they do not feel uncomfortable or censured by health professionals, who must remain impartial (ibid). Cultural diversity: Patients often have various differences (Leblanc et al.,2014).Some of these differences are due to a patient’s illness, social status, economic class, education and personality(ibid). However, according to Kirkham (1998), the deepest differences might be cultural diversity. Beheri (2009) points out that many nurses believe if they just treat patients with respect, they will avoid most cultural issues. Nevertheless, avoiding misunderstanding can be achieved through some knowledge of cultural customs, which might help and enable nurses to provide better health care to patients (ibid). Facilitators of therapeutic relationship: UNCRPD (2006) states that the most fundamental human right in hospital is communication. Patients are required to be provided with an effective communication method by nurses, which depends on many factors relating to the patient as well as skillful nurses who take time to communicate (Hemsley, Balandin&Worrall, 2012). Not only does effective communication permit patients to maintain control(ibid), it also helps them to communicate effectively, exchange information, manage pain, show politeness and enhance their relationships for social convergence (Happ et al.,2004). In addition, patients play a major role in maintaining their tone of voice through indicating stress (Cruz et al.,2013). Tone of voice should always be harmonious, comforting and present a sense of situation constraints (ibid). Furthermore, body language communication is a fundamental factor that facilitates a therapeutic relationship (O’Brien& Shea,2011). Through reading body language, nurses know what a patient is thinking and feeling (ibid). Body language is like a polygraph machine (ibid) in that it can be used to reveal hidden feelings and to hinder nurses from sending out false or accidental messages to others (ibid). Explication of body language requires nurses to note and understand what certain postures and gestures are likely to mean (ibid) in order to communicate smoothly and effectively with patients. Touch is another form of non-verbal communication (UNCRPD,2006). It is a very influential style of non-verbal communication (ibid) as it generates a sense of peace and increases the importance of exchanging information (ibid). Touch is a fundamental tool in delivering a sense of safety and has a powerful ability to relax patients (ibid). For instance, when a patient is upset, a nurse would automatically react by touching them in order to show care and let them feel comfort (ibid).

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