drug trafficking discussion, political science homework help

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Responses should be a minimum of 150 words and include direct questions, evidence from the literature, alternative points of view or additional insight.

#1 sean-

For this assignment, I want to talk about drug trafficking because it’s a topic that hits pretty close to home. Growing up in Miami, FL, I can count on multiple hands how many friends and family I’ve had feed into the addictions. The issue stems from the trafficking of drugs and there’s not much I can say to discredit that. I can say that with an improved education system, the fight against the drug market is a more likely win than just hitting it straight on. With the implementation of some special programs, it’s probable that combating the drug threat can yield a positive outcome.

Growing up I heard the stories and my parents even enlisted me into the Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE) program which preached against the use. As a kid, I learned that there are bad guys that bring substances over that good people take and get addicted to. As an adult that’s working towards employment in the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA), I learned quite a bit more like the market that these substances provide cartels and organizations. I learned that the substance they’re selling is no different than the prescription drug you buy over the counter and that the only difference is that one is legal and the other isn’t.  the reason the illegal one is sought after though is because it satisfies an immediate need that the user can’t function without and that’s where the addiction feeds the circle of trafficking.

I strongly believe that with a system similar to DARE set in place but at the lowest level possible, combating the threat of drugs can be a reality. I think by starting at the community level and then gradually increasing the scope in one community, it could influence the next one to improve its welfare and a similar outcome can be reached. In much the same way a bad neighborhood grows and eventually forces good people out, the opposite can be applied in theory but with a few tweaks and some alternate methods of approach. I’d eventually want to bring the community involvement into the education system and integrate a course on drugs into public and private school curriculum so that the knowledge is there and it’s up to the person to eventually make their own decision on the matter.

Once this bit is established and both community involvement and education is solidified, I think the next step should be to implement some controls to make sure external entities such as traffickers and dealers are kept out of the communities which then makes logistics a bit of a problem. This could in turn negatively impact the drug market and potentially make it less profitable for the drug organizations. At an international level this could work but I really think this could work but the only way in my mind that it could conceivably be executed is at the lowest possible level first, then the international.

#2 Kaitline-

One Big issue in Las Vegas that is also a worldwide is unemployment. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics In July of 2010 Las Vegas`s unemployment rate was as high at 14.5 percent. The average rate in 2010 was 14.1 percent and 13.6 percent in 2011. The national average percentage for unemployment in 2010 was 6.1 Percent. Unemployment cause other issues to follow. If someone does not have a job then they cannot pay their bills which may cause to become homeless. It could even raise the crime rate because they resort to stealing so that they can eat.

This is a globe issue because every country is struggling to provide enough jobs for all of their citizens.  In 2012 the United States has the third highest unemployment rate of 8.3 percent. The second highest is held by France which is at ten percent. Italy has the highest percentage rate of 10.8 Percent. 

Third world countries such as Africa has been impacted by unemployment. The worldwide recession cause for less cash crops, demand for raw materials and manufactured goods. The need for less production and good caused people to be laid-off.  Modern technology has also played a part in unemployment. It was the cause of labor-intensive jobs being drastically reduced.

Long periods of unemployment causes some form of Social pathology. This can be seen in the rise of violent agitators and the rise of crime rates. Citizens in the states become unhappy and a small issue can become a big issue if it triggers a violent demonstration.

Governments should have a counseling system set up so people can cope with their stress of being unemployed and have an outlet to express their emotions instead of turning to violence. There should volunteer opportunities available for the unemployed to help them feel like they have a purpose. There should be a better program to help people receive the food that they require. The government should set up a training system, it should be geared towards to retraining the people who are unemployed and to train them in one of the technology based jobs that are on the rise. This would allow people who were in a labor-intensive job that technology got rid of too now have a chance at finding a new job.

References

5 worst problems faced by Las Vegas | Las Vegas Review-Journal. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.reviewjournal.com/trending/silver-state/5-worst-problems-faced-las-vegas

Retrieved from http://unemploymentdata.com/unemployment/worldwide-unemployment-rates/

Unemployment in the third World Countries. (2008, January 17). Retrieved from https://josephekwu.wordpress.com/2008/01/17/unemployment-in-the-third-world-countries/

#3 Jason-

One of the global issues that hits close to home is the war on drugs. On a global scale, drugs have affected the lives of many people. Drug trade and drug trafficking “is one of the largest global businesses” (Shah, 2008). One of the largest groups of people affected by drugs are the poor. Due to the accessibility and cheap cost of certain drugs, anyone can afford them. The danger comes with the addiction that follows the use of drugs, specifically stimulants like crack cocaine. Today I will cover how poverty in my hometown was affected by drugs and the organizations that are in place to help guide people in those neighborhoods in the right direction.

In the 1980s, crack was introduced to New York City. After a near bankrupt city in the late 70s, NYPD had to “lay off nearly a third of its officers” (Samaha, 2014). This new drug was as cheap as $5 to $10 and was always in supply. A lot of poor neighborhoods were affected by the easy access to crack and it became a city-wide issue. The Reagan administration introduced the War on Drugs campaign, enforcing strict prison time for possession of narcotics. Rather than focusing on the distributors and providing rehabilitation for the users, anyone with a few grams of crack faced the same amount of years as someone holding several hundred grams of cocaine.

Growing up in Queens, NY, I witnessed a lot of kids in my neighborhood switching to selling and using crack. In the early 90s, selling crack was a way of avoiding gang influence. It was easier to get access to crack than it was to join a community after school program. In fact, when I played basketball on city courts growing up, there were always drug dealers present trying to sell and recruit. I had a few relatives serving 10-15 years for possession and being in the same prison cell as rapists and murderers.

Drug trafficking will always be an issue on a global scale, but there are NGOs dedicated to combatting that. As far as helping poverty stricken neighborhoods, the solution here is not threatening the community with harsh prison sentences. Keeping the youth occupied with organizations rather than drugs is key. The Urban Youth Alliance International aim to offer “court advocacy, case management, mental health services, and other support services” to help youth in the South Bronx (Murphy, 2016). 360 Skills Academy uses basketball to develop young people.

These organizations are examples of how to think globally by acting locally. The war on drugs can’t be resolved in one day, but it can be a gradual change if you focus on the key audience affected by drugs. More resources and opportunities to poverty stricken neighborhoods allows more options to poor people rather choosing drugs.

Resources

Murphy, Cara. 2015. 6 Organizations Guiding and Empowering New York City’s Youth. Conscious Magazine, March. http://consciousmagazine.co/new-york-city-urban-youth/ (accessed on September 21, 2016).

Samaha, Albert. 2014. Cheaper, More Addictive, and Highly Profitable: How Crack Took Over NYC in the ‘80s. The Village Voice, August 12. http://www.villagevoice.com/news/cheaper-more-addictive-and-highly-profitable-how-crack-took-over-nyc-in-the-80s-6664480 (accessed on September 21, 2016).

Shah, Anup. 2008. Illicit Drugs. Global Issues, March 30. http://www.globalissues.org/article/755/illicit-drugs (accessed on September 21, 2016).

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