Comparing Psychodynamic Theories
Jung and Adler, while initially closely aligned with Freud, later significantly departed from Freud’s psychoanalytic theory of personality and counseling. In this week’s Discussion, you will closely examine two of these three theories with regard to how they are similar and dissimilar.
To prepare for this Discussion:
• Review the readings for this week.
• Consider how therapists might differ in their sessions when using these theories.
With these thoughts in mind:
Post by Day 4 a brief review that compares and contrasts two of the theories presented this week. In your review, be sure to address the following points:
• Key concepts/unique attributes
• Historical/contextual development of the theory (if relevant)
• Role of the therapist
• Research support for the theory
2nd Step Reply to classmate below
RE: Discussion – Week 2
There are many theories that one can use when confronted with providing proper therapy for a client and it is important to consider how the person is thinking, what is going to be an overall health conscious therapy for them, and identify what the actually problem or the mental illness (Laureate, 2006). The two theories I will be discussing is the Psychoanalytic and Adlerian theory. Psychoanalytic therapy is based on personality development, human nature, and focusing on the factors of the psyche that prompt behavior, this was developed by Sigmund Freud. The Adlerian therapy focuses on taking/assuming responsibility and creating one’s own destiny to help find some form of meaning or goals to have a purpose in life, this was developed by Alfred Adler.
Both theorists believed individuals formed an approach to life within the first six years of development but differed in what the influence was that promoted this development. Freud believed that there is a sexual gratification that drives the individual but Adler believed it to be a self-affirmation that was the driving force. While Freud assumed behavior was determined by motivations that were of the unconscious or unjustifiable forces or biological or fixed patterns that evolved within the psychosexual stages in the first six years of life, Adler was not in agreement (Corey, 2017). Adler promoted his theory by believing within the first six years of living individuals are primarily influenced by relationships within society and individuals are steadfast and goal oriented and sexual urges is not a factor in behavior (Corey, 2017). Freud had a less humanistic view of humans than Adler.
When it comes to applying the theories in counseling the role of the therapist differs with the client. The Adlerian therapy focuses on building and relationship with the client by incorporating useful information such as allowing the client to have a sense of belonging and helping them to interact with behaviors that incorporate social interest and community. The Psychoanalytic therapy seems to be a more withdrawn approach which can make the client less approachable. Many times it can be necessary to provide personal information to make the client feel more comfortable or relatable but within this theory this is something that is not approached.
I believe it is important to look at the big picture when counseling a client and focus on what they need help with and how you can help them, at times they has to adjustments.
Corey, G. (2017). Theory and practice of counseling and psychotherapy (10th ed.). Belmont, CA: Thomson Brooks/Cole.