Following arguments are invalid. Please
identify and write down the argument form. Then, provide a
counterexample to show the argument’s (the argument form’s)
invalidity. (please submit here)
Americans are communist spies. Some Oregonians are not communist
spies. Therefore, some Oregonians are genuine Americans.
who refuse to eat animal products are vegans. No vegetarians who
refuse to eat animal products are cattle ranchers. Hence, no vegans
are cattle ranchers.
All rock musicians
are cool. No nerd is a rock musician. Hence, no nerd is cool.
All people who
despise animals are neurotic. No veterinarian is a person who
despises animals. Thus, no veterinarian is neurotic.
acts are evil. Some wars are evil. So, some wars are destructive
No rock is
sentient. Some mammals are sentient. No mammal is a rock.
people are highly immoral. All highly immoral people are unhappy.
Therefore, some unhappy people are not intelligent.
If you want to
ruin your life, you should take hard drugs. But you don’t want to
ruin your life. So, you should not take hard drugs.
Sam is wealthy if
he has more than a billion dollars. But Sam does not have more than
a billion dollars. Therefore, Sam is not wealthy.
If Lewis is a
famous author, then he knows how to write. But Lewis is not a famous
author. So, he does not know how to write.
All planets are
round. The earth is round. Therefore, the earth is a planet.
If my society
approves of genetic engineering, then genetic engineering is right.
But my society does not approve of genetic engineering. So, genetic
engineering is not right.
Those who are
responsible for 9/11 are terrorists and Muslims. Therefore, all
Muslims are terrorists.
If Donald Trump
wins the presidential election, then he will be the next president.
If Donald Trump wins the presidential election, then the U.S.
foreign policies will be a mess. Thus, if Donald Trump becomes the
next president, then the U.S. foreign policies will be a mess.
Tomatoes are either fruit or vegetables.
Tomatoes are fruit. So, they are not vegetables.
Im not looking for someone to do these for me,
im just looking for someone to explain it to me,
Give me an
example to go on.