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When you submit a forum posting, be sure to use the “CAPCON SYSTEM,” described below

Your forum grades depend on how well you learn and show you’ve learned CONCEPTS introduced in your textbook. To do this you must use the CAPCON system for all assignments. Whenever you are applying a TEXTBOOK CONCEPT, type it in ALL CAPS. Also, whenever you apply a TEXTBOOK CONCEPT, don’t just “name drop” it. That is, don’t just state the concept. You have to explain what the concept is and how it applies. Be sure to note the video you are discussing.


I saw the video on an astrologer reading someone’s personality. It was so fake I could tell he was making it up!


VIDEO VIEWED: This is a review of Jon Smith’s video on Astrology. Mr. Smith, the astrologer, claimed to use his client’s horoscope to predict that “something good will happen in the future” and that the client “recently had an accident.” In term of the textbook, the astrologer’s reading use using two tricks: VAGUE READINGS that can be interpreted in any way, and UNIVERSAL FACTS that apply to nearly everyone (nearly everyone has had a recent accident, even a small one.”

We start with this simple preparation:

What is the first letter of your last name? (My last name is “Smith,” so my answer is the letter “S.”)


On pages 75-76 in your text you will find “The Logic Workout (5.3), a list of 21 examples of logical arguments, tagged “A-U.” Each illustrates one or more logical fallacies.

Select two examples. Your first example should have the letter tag as your first name. Your second example should have the letter tag for your second name. So, I would pick, examples “J” and “S.”

FOR EACH QUOTE your posting should have five parts, which you should label as below:

  1. ARGUMENT: The actual logical argument I am discussing
  2. PREMISES/CONCLUSIONS: Here are the premises and ccnclusions (f any) I found
  3. GENERAL FLAWS: The premise or premises display some (or all) of the following general flaws
    1. Irrelevant?
    2. Insufficent?
    3. Incorrect?
    4. Ambiguous?
  4. SPECIFIC LOGICAL FLAWS The argument displays these logical flaws (from your text)


Some people argue that being vegetarian prevents heart disease. There is not logical because there is no evidence for it. There are lots of people who are not vegetarians who do not get heart disease.


ARGUMENT: “Eating a vegetarian diet is the only way to prevent heart disease. I know Professor Smith, who was fired for displaying bad judgment when making bad jokes in his classes, does not believe everyone should be vegetarian. Therefore Professor Smith does not want to prevent heart disease.”

PREMISES/CONCLUSIONS: PREMISES: There are three. The first is that eating a vegetarian diet is the only way to prevent heart disease. The second is that Professor Smith does not believe everyone should be a vegetarian. The third is that Smith had bad judgment because he makes bad jokes in class. These are premises because they are presented as support for the CONCLUSION that “Professor Smith does not want to prevent heart disease.”

GENERAL FLAW: So what if Professor Smith does not believe everyone should be a vegetarian. That says nothing about whether he wants to prevent heart disease. So, this premise is IRRELEVANT. That fact that he makes bad jokes when he should be giving serious lectures is also IRRLEVANT.

SPECIFIC LOGICAL FLAWS: I think this may an APPEAL TO FEAR (the fear of getting heart disease). It is also an AD HOMIMEN ARGUMENT or a RED HERRING. Whether or not Professor makes bad jokes in class is an attempt to smear his reputation so he can’t be believed (ad hominem). It is also a distracting bit of bad information to get us off the topic (red herring).



If you find a type of logical fallacy one of your classmates failed to identify, you can earn extra credits (up to 5!)

You may comment on what your classmates have posted, identifying what they may have missed or perhaps gotten wrong.

responses!! –?> and try to see for the EXTRA POINTS

ima post it as soon any of my classmates will post

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