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Chapter 1 in our reader, Chronicling California, focuses on the lives and lifestyles of California’s indigenous peoples, or California Indians. When learning about the history of the state, they are often marginalized as actors in our past or, worse, left out of the story completely. By the time of the American conquest of the area, their numbers had already diminished significantly and they did not pose any serious “threat” to Americans. The derogatory term “diggers” reflected the common view of California Indians as primitive peoples with little to offer western culture. Yet, in prehistoric times, California supported the largest number and diversity of peoples in the entire North America.

Start this week’s assignment by reading the documents in the reader and reflecting on the study questions at the end of the chapter. Your post then should reflect on how these documents help illustrate the lives and world views of Native California populations and the impact of Europeans on their lives. Using specific examples from the documents in the reader (always noting the page numbers), reflect on the following questions:

  • What were your perceptions of California Indian peoples prior to the class? What were the sources of those perceptions?
  • What do the sources in the reader tell us about California Indians and their lives and world views?
  • In what ways do the readings help advance your knowledge?
  • Why is it important for us to understand the role of indigenous peoples in California’s history?
  • Why are their experiences still relevant to us in today’s California?

Review the grading rubric for the discussions one more time before starting this assignment. You should start early enough to allow for some meaningful exchanges; you should reference the readings and cite your sources at all times. Remember that these discussions need to demonstrate that 1. you have read the documents and 2. thought about their meaning and significance.

that is the week course about the question.

The course powerpoint…

  • Topic: “Indigenous California and the Environment”


    1. TEXT (Osborne): Chapter 1, “Beginnings: From Fire and Ice to Indian Homeland”
    2. READER (Hoikkala & Wallis): Chapter 1, “Early California”

  • Learning Outcomes

    1. Develop an understanding of the role of the environment in California history
    2. Compare and contrast the environmental beliefs of Native Californians and the Spanish and Anglo settlers
    3. Identify major components of the cultural, linguistic and economic diversity of indigenous California
    4. Relate significance of historical developments to contemporary Native California

  • Course Lectures just a short ppt

    Week 2: Californians and the Environment

  • Week 2: Indian California

  • Other Required Viewing

    This video speaks about the Tongva, people indigenous to the Los Angeles area, to give you a local perspective on the issues outlined this week. Watch VideoL. Frank Manriques (Tongva/Ajachmem)

  • User: n/a – Added: 3/25/11

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