6. Danny Steel, Inc., fabricates various products from two basic inputs, bar stock and sheet stock.

6. Danny Steel, Inc., fabricates various products from two basic inputs, bar stock and sheet stock. Bar stock is used at a st

6. Danny Steel, Inc., fabricates various products from two basic inputs, bar stock and sheet stock. Bar stock is used at a steady rate of 1000 units per year and costs $200 per bar. Sheet stock is used at a rate of 500 units per year and costs $150 per sheet. The company uses a 20 percent annual holding cost rate, and the fixed cost to place an order is $50, of which $10 is the cost of placing the purchase order and $40 is the fixed cost of a truck delivery. The variable (i.e., per unit change) trucking cost is included in the unit price. The plant runs 365 days per year. a. Use the EOQ formula with the full fixed order cost of $50 to compute the optimal order quantities, order intervals, and annual cost for bar stock and sheet stock. What fraction of the total annual (holding plus order) cost consists of fixed trucking cost? b. Using a week (seven days) as the base interval, round the order intervals for bar stock and sheet stock to the nearest power of 2 (2, 4, 8, etc.) weeks. If you charged the fixed trucking fee only once for deliveries that coincide, what is the annual cost now? c. Leave the order quantity for bar stock as in part b, but reduce the order interval for sheet stock to match that of bar stock. Recompute the total annual cost and compare to part b. Explain your result. d. Based on your observation in part c, propose an approach for computing a replenishment schedule in a multiproduct environment like this, where part of the fixed order cost corresponds to a fixed trucking fee that is only paid once per delivery regardless of how many different parts are on the truck.

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